Ten Cognitive Distortions

People who have the following flaws in thinking can never be happy. We need to search within our minds if there is any distortion present. If yes, we need to remove it asap.

All-or-Nothing Thinking: Seeing things in black and white, without any shades of gray.

Over-generalization: Drawing broad conclusions from one or a few events.

Mental Filter: Focusing on the negative and filtering out the positive.

Disqualifying the Positive: Dismissing positive experiences by insisting they “don’t count.”

Jumping to Conclusions: Making assumptions without sufficient evidence.

Magnification or Minimization: Exaggerating the importance of one’s own flaws or problems, or minimizing the importance of one’s own positive qualities.

Emotional Reasoning: Assuming that your feelings reflect the way things really are.

Should Statements: Using words like “should,” “must,” and “have to” to make demands of yourself and others.

Labelling and Mislabeling: Using language to harshly judge oneself and others.

Personalization: Holding oneself responsible for things that are not one’s fault.

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